A mortgage is when you apply for a new secured home loan in order to pay off an existing (your current) mortgage. This loan is backed by your homes value. If your current mortgage rate is higher than the current mortgage rates that have taken a steep fall, then you may be a good candidate to consider a home mortgage refinance.

When Is a Home Mortgage Refinance An Option?
Usually a homeowner seeks a home refinance to secure a better rate or more favorable loan terms, compared to their current mortgage. How much you will save with the lower interest rate needs to be considered against the closing fees of a refinance, and any pre payment penaltys that may exist in your current mortgage.

The Benefits of a Home Mortgage Refinance
Ideally, you would gain access to extra money every month, while at same time lowering your monthly mortgage payment. This happens through refinancing a home mortgage, if conditions are right. Most likely, your home is the most expensive thing you will ever own. So typically a mortgage payment will be your biggest bill every month. A mortgage refinance uses the equity in your home to help lower your mortgage payments, and save money monthly.

A Lower Mortgage Payment From Lower Mortgage Payments
Odds are that when you purchased your home, the interest rates and housing market was extremely different than it is now. Things such as your credit rating, how much down payment you are able to put down, and the mortgage rates at that time. Since then the Federal Reserve entered a rate cutting period in which mortgage interest rates had a steep decline as a result, most likely much lower than your current rate.
Refinancing a home mortgage at a higher rate for one that is even 2% lower than yours will lower your monthly payment and free up cash every month for you to use as needed.

Refinance to Shorten the Length of Your Mortgage
Another option homeowners have is to shorten the length of their current mortgage. For example if you have a typical 30 year mortgage, and have payed your mortgage for say 8 years, with a mortgage refinance, you can switch to a shorter mortgage term. From 22 years in this case to 10, 15, or 20 years. This will save you thousands of dollars in interest payments over the course of the loan. Hopefully, since the mortgage rates are much lower now you can have rougly the same monthly payment, with less payments to have to make. This builds equity in your home faster, as you are paying it off and will be owning it faster.

Switch From a Adjustable Rate Mortgage to A Fixed Rate Mortgage.
With the interest rates near an all time low, the mortgage lenders lowe pushing very lucrative ARM (Adjustable rate mortgage) loans that look too good to pass up. Refinance your home to get into a more stable fixed rate mortgage before the interest rates start to rise back up, along with your adjustable rate. That means instead of your mortgage payment being the same every month as it would a fixed rate, the adjustable rate mortgage is advertised with an amazingly low rate, but that rate will no doubt increase at the slightest whimper in the housing market.

There are also other methods I have discussed in which you can do a "cash out" refinance, where you actually extend the mortgage, and use your homes equity against that extension to pocket the cash difference. This can be found on my site and discussed in detail.
-RefinancingCondo.com

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